Carbon emissions to hit record levels in 2018

07 December, 2018, 11:56 | Author: Priscilla Morrison
  • President Muhammadu Buhari arriving Poland for the COP24 Summit

Meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement could save about a million lives a year worldwide by 2050 through reductions in air pollution alone.

Fossil fuels that produce air pollution, such as coal, gasoline and wood, are also a major source of greenhouse gas emissions.

"According to the report, air pollution is a particularly acute problem in Asia, with an estimated 2.2 million premature deaths annually, accounting for approximately a third of the global total".

Developed nations reduced emissions by 13 per cent in 26 years and since 2010 these have decreased by 4.4 per cent, likely due in part to climate actions that more than offset the impact of economic and population growth, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) said.

"The Paris Agreement is potentially the strongest health agreement of this century", said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO. It threatens the basic elements we all need for good health - clean air, safe drinking water, nutritious food supply and safe shelter - and will undermine decades of progress in global health.

The consequences range from chronic diseases linked to air pollution, such as asthma and lung cancer, to under-nutrition as crop yields fall and rising carbon dioxide levels in the air slash nutrients in staple foods, she added.




Fighting climate change is one of the best ways to improve health around the world, and the benefits of fewer deaths and hospitalizations would far outweigh the costs of not acting, the World Health Organization said on Wednesday.

There are known, quantifiable benefits to less carbon-intensive pathways.

With governments hesitant to commit to the kind of drastic action scientists say is necessary to avert catastrophic warming, the United Nations suggested curbing climate change would have huge benefits for people's health - and countries' budgets.

"We now have a clear understanding of what needs to be done to protect health from climate change - from more resilient and sustainable healthcare facilities, to improved warning systems for extreme weather and infectious disease outbreaks".

The report recommends countries to cut the use of fossil fuels.

The Paris Agreement had set the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with an absolute ceiling well below 2.0 degree Celsius. It also urges them to include specific commitments to reduce emissions of air pollutants in their national pledges in the Paris climate accord.

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