HIV Numbers In Europe At Record High, Says Report

01 December, 2018, 11:13 | Author: Norman Carr
  • State medical and health authorities have started community based HIV testing based on the theme formulated by the United Nations

The highest rates of newly diagnosed HIV infections were observed in Russian Federation in 2017, the World Health Organization's European office and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control said in a report published on Wednesday, TASS reports.

"If you look at the late diagnosis rates, which are still quite high, that tells us that there's still much more to be done", said Matthew Hodson, executive director of NAM, a British HIV/Aids information charity.

EU and European Economic Area countries have seen new HIV infections drop, from 6.9 per 100,000 in 2016 to 5.8 per 100,000 past year.

Transmission rates fell 20 percent between 2015 and 2017 among men having sex with men in the region, according to the World Health Organization data.

Is detected the disease early and consistently treated, can be lowered the amount of virus in the body so far that it is in the case of Tests undetectable, and the Affected are not contagious.




Those standards, proposed by the United Nations program on AIDS in 2013, would see 90 percent of all people living with HIV be aware of their status, 90 percent with diagnosed HIV be receiving antiretroviral therapy, and 90 percent of those receiving antiretroviral therapy be experiencing viral suppression.

"It is hard to speak of good news, if one looks to another year with unacceptable high probability of paying back", says Zsuzsanna Jakap, Director of the WHO Regional Office Europe.

"Once diagnosed, individuals are less likely to pass on their infection due to treatment and changing their behaviour, so it is essential for both the person with HIV and anyone with whom they may have sex, that the condition is diagnosed early". World Health Organization says that within the European Union, new diagnoses actually fell. Globally, about 75% of people living with HIV/AIDs were diagnosed, the group says. This translates into a decline from a rate of 6.9 per 100 000 population in 2008, to 6.2 per 100 000 in 2017. The predominant modes of transmission in these countries were heterosexual transmission and transmission through injecting drug use.

Also in Germany, an estimated 13,000 people with HIV who are unaware of their infection. Positive not only that the increase in case numbers in 2017 was as strong as in the previous year, according to the Report. In the EU/EEA, 9 out of 10 (89%) AIDS diagnoses in 2017 happened within only 90 days of the HIV diagnosis, indicating that the majority of AIDS cases in the EU/EEA could have been avoided with early diagnosis.

In a report published on 29 November 2018, PHE said the UK had met all of the targets set by the UN to promote HIV prevention, adding that the UK should "identify new priorities that, if achieved, could accelerate the falls in HIV transmission that are well underway".

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